Drug Abuse Treatment Act of 1972

Posted on :  January 2nd, 2017  |  By :  towardsrecovery

President Richard Nixon said, “Today I am pleased to sign into law the Drug Abuse Office and Treatment Act of 1972.”  The bipartisan bill was designed to tackle head on the problem of drug abuse in the country. The federal legislation that led to the adoption of the bill shows that there are numerous approach to resolve the problem of addiction. This also marked the clash between those who supported medical intervention and those who preferred punishing the offenders.

The History

Did you know that during the 1920s many private doctors were arrested because they prescribed maintenance doses for the treatment of addiction? This was at a time when lawmakers were looking into the rehabilitation of drug users while increasing punishment for trafficking of narcotics.

Two narcotic farms were established in Kentucky and Texas. These were intended to confine and treat addicts who were sentenced to federal prison. These farms remained in operation until the early 70s. It was not until the 1960s that addiction was considered as a treatable disease.

Such renewed popularity resulted in the passage of the Narcotic Addict Rehabilitation Act of 1966. Civil process treatment and rehabilitation began to take place. Amendments were eventually passed in 1968 and authorized federal grants that will help states and private organizations to develop treatment and rehabilitation facilities.

Eventually, various federal drug policies became clearer with the creation of a single statute by congress that resulted in the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970. The purpose was to deal with the prevention and treatment of drug addiction including the banning of drug trafficking. An allocation of $3.5 million was given to the Office of Education and another $1 million to the National Institutes of Health to be used for the implementation of research, education, and training covering drug abuse.

Network of Treatment Programs

The desire of congress to have a diverse network of drug abuse treatment programs across the country was enforced by the Drug Abuse Office and Treatment Act (DAOTA) in 1972. The Special Action Office for Drug Abuse Prevention was created under this law along with the establishment of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA); which was under the umbrella of the National Institute for Mental Health.

What was the role of the federal government? The federal government was supposed to take charge of the coordination, training, and allocation of seed money that will help fund the drug abuse prevention activities of each state. There was a significant reduction observed in the rate of drug abuse, but its continued spread was an indication for the need for more effective and visible role for the federal government.

Federal Leadership

The federal leadership began to assert itself via periodic amendments to the 1972 law, particularly through the extended prevention, education, and treatment programs. This was significant since there was a shift in the use of different drugs across the country.

The adjustment in the strategy of the federal government allowed the drug abuse programs to focus on the needs and priorities of the offenders using cost-effective methods. Indicators showed that drug abuse was growing extensively, and as such, there was a need to respond with intervention and program methods that can effectively reach more people.

The revitalized programs intended to penetrate high risk population groups like that of women, the elderly, and the youth. This puts emphasis on the need for high-level coordination to effectively curb the problem of drug abuse. Localities with high drug abuse rates had to step up and become actively involved not only in the planning but also in the coordination of efforts to abate the drug abuse problem.

Today the changing patterns of drug abuse continue, hence the need for more innovative and responsive programs from various treatment centers. To effectively respond to these changing patterns, the Towards Recovery Clinics Inc. relies on a comprehensive assessment and individualized treatment plan to help drug abusers regain their lives.

Contact Towards Recovery Clinics Inc. today to know more about their programs.

Who We Serve ?

  • Individuals using/abusing street narcotics (e.g. heroin).
  • Patients abusing prescription narcotics(i.e., Codeine, Talwin, Percocet/Percodan, Dilaudid, Morphine or Demerol, et cetera).
  • Individuals displaying any of the following behaviours: Compulsive drug use or drug seeking/craving.